“When love begins to play a role, there are only disputes and hatred” a patient

“A traumatic complex brings about dissociation of the psyche. The complex is not under control of the will and for this reason it possesses the quality of psychic autonomy. This autonomy consists in it’s power to manifest itself independently of the will and even in direct opposition to conscious tendencies; it forces itself tyrannically upon the conscious mind. The explosion of affect is a complete invasion of the individual; it pounces upon him/her like an enemy or a wild animal.”


By complex, Jung refers to a repressed part of the self within the psyche, which functions autonomously without connection with consciousness.

“Stress can exacerbate a number of psychiatric disorders, many of which are associated with the prefrontal cortex, the area of the brain unique to humans. A Yale University study looked at the effects of noise stress on brain function in monkeys. Results indicate that stress impairs Prefrontal Cortex cognitive function through its influence on dopamine, a key neurotransmitter that’s involved in many brain disorders, including ADHD and Parkinson’s disease.

The researchers think that “stress may take the Prefrontal Cortex ‘off-line’ to allow more habitual responses . . . to regulate behaviour. This mechanism may have survival value, but may often be maladaptive in human society, contributing to the vulnerability of the Prefrontal Cortex in many neuropsychiatric disorders”

Archives of General Psychiatry, April 1998